Systolic Hypertension in the Elderly Program (SHEP)
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Dataset(s) Last Updated
September 19, 2023
Clinical Trial URLs
Primary Publication URLs
Commercial Use Data Restrictions No
Data Restrictions Based On Area Of Research No
To assess the ability of antihypertensive drug treatment to reduce the risk of nonfatal and fatal (total) stroke in isolated systolic hypertension.
Previous trials have demonstrated beneficial effects of antihypertensive treatment of diastolic hypertension on major morbidity and mortality, but none has investigated the ability to influence these events for persons with isolated systolic hypertension.
4736 persons (1.06%) from 447,921 screenees aged 60 years and above were randomized (2365 to active treatment, 2371 to placebo). Systolic blood pressure ranged from 160 to 219 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure was less than 90 mm Hg. Of the participants, 3161 were not receiving antihypertensive medication at initial contact, and 1575 were. The average systolic blood pressure was 170 mm Hg; average diastolic blood pressure, 77 mm Hg. The mean age was 72 years, 57% were women, and 14% were black.
In persons aged 60 years and over with isolated systolic hypertension, antihypertensive stepped-care drug treatment with low-dose chlorthalidone as step 1 medication reduced the incidence of total stroke by 36%, with 5-year absolute benefit of 30 events per 1000 participants. Major cardiovascular events were reduced, with 5-year absolute benefit of 55 events per 1000. (JAMA 1991; June 26:3255-64.).
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Resources AvailableStudy Datasets Only
- Data Dictionary (PDF - 2.0 MB)
- Behavioral Evaluation Manual (PDF - 9.2 MB)
- Definitions (PDF - 187.1 KB)
- Manual of Operations (PDF - 34.8 MB)
- Protocol (PDF - 3.6 MB)
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