Evaluation Study of Congestive Heart Failure and Pulmonary Artery Catheterization Effectiveness (ESCAPE)
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Dataset(s) Last Updated
January 3, 2018
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Commercial Use Data Restrictions No
Data Restrictions Based On Area Of Research No
To test whether pulmonary artery catheter use was safe and could improve clinical outcomes in patients hospitalized with recurrent heart failure.
Pulmonary artery catheters have been used to guide adjustment of therapy in multiple settings, but recent studies have raised concern that pulmonary artery catheters may lead to increased mortality in hospitalized patients.
A total of 433 patients at 26 sites were enrolled, and randomly assigned to receive therapy guided by clinical assessment and the pulmonary artery catheter or clinical assessment alone.
Therapy to reduce volume overload during hospitalization for heart failure led to marked improvement in signs and symptoms of elevated filling pressures, with or without the pulmonary artery catheter. Addition of the pulmonary artery catheter to careful clinical assessment did not impact overall mortality and hospitalization. Future trials should test noninvasive assessments with specific treatment strategies that could be used to better tailor therapy for both survival time and survival quality as valued by patients. (JAMA 2005;294:1625-1633)
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