A propensity-matched study of outcomes of chronic heart failure (HF) in younger and older adults.
Pubmed ID: 18692914
Pubmed Central ID: PMC2685163
Journal: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics
Publication Date: 07/01/2009
Affiliation: University of Alabama at Birmingham, 1530 3rd Avenue South, CH-19, Ste-219, Birmingham, AL 35294-2041, USA.
MeSH Terms: Humans, Male, Adult, Female, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Chronic Disease, Heart Failure, Hospitalization, Young Adult, Retrospective Studies
Grants: R01 HL085561, R01-HL085561, P50-HL077100, R01 HL085561-03, R01 HL085561-02, P50 HL077100
Authors: Ekundayo OJ, Aronow WS, Ahmed A, Adamopoulos C, Mujib M, Wahle C
Cite As: Wahle C, Adamopoulos C, Ekundayo OJ, Mujib M, Aronow WS, Ahmed A. A propensity-matched study of outcomes of chronic heart failure (HF) in younger and older adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2009 Jul-Aug;49(1):165-71. Epub 2008 Aug 9.
- Digitalis Investigation Group (DIG)
- Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT)
- Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial Primary Outcome Paper (SPRINT-POP) Data
The majority of heart failure (HF) patients are older adults and most HF-related adverse events occur in these patients. However, the independent association of age and outcomes in HF is not clearly determined. We categorized 7788 ambulatory HF patients who participated in the Digitalis Investigation Group (DIG) trial as younger (< 65 years) and older (> or = 65 years). Propensity scores for older age were calculated for each patient and used to match 2381 pairs of younger and older patients. The associations of older age with mortality and hospitalization during a median 40 months of follow-up were assessed using matched Cox regression models. All-cause mortality occurred in 877 older patients versus 688 younger patients (hazard ratio when older age was compared with younger age (HR)=1.26; 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.12-1.41; p<0.0001). Older patients, when compared with propensity-matched younger patients, also had significantly higher mortality rates due to cardiovascular causes (HR=1.14; 95% CI=1.00-1.30; p=0.044) and worsening heart failure causes (HR=1.32; 95% CI=1.07-1.62; p=0.009). No significant association was found between age and hospitalization due to all causes (HR=1.08; 95% CI=0.99-1.18; p=0.084) and cardiovascular causes (HR=1.03; 95% CI=0.93-1.13; p=0.622). However, hospitalization due to HF was significantly increased in older patients (HR=1.14; 95% CI=1.01-1.28; p=0.041). In ambulatory HF patients, older age although associated with increased mortality, was not associated with increased hospitalizations except for those due to worsening HF.